Sweden

Statistics and other data regarding drugs and drug policies in Sweden, covering all areas including public safety/criminal justice, public health, prevention, treatment, and harm reduction.

Treatment Clients in Sweden by Substance Used, 2012

(Treatment Clients in Sweden by Substance Used, 2012) "The distribution of drugs changed somewhat in 2008, with cannabis becoming more frequent than heroin. This trend has continued in data for the clients reported from treatment units in 2009: cannabis is now much more frequent than heroin.
"Amphetamine is still the most commonly used drug (29%) among the reported drug clients in treatment outside prisons, followed by cannabis (23%), heroin (17%), other opioids – analgesics and buprenorphine (11%) and benzodiazepines (11%).

Estimated Number of Problem Drug Users in Sweden

(Estimated Number of Problem Drug Users in Sweden) "Based on register data from the patient register and from the Prison and Probation Services, it was estimated that there were 29,500 problematic drug users. This corresponds to 38 per cent of the 77,000 people who confirm regular use of illicit drugs in the population survey, or 23 per cent of the 127,000 people who regularly use some type of illicit drug or presomption medicine without a doctors prescriptive [sic].

Women with Substance Abuse Problems in Sweden

(Women with Substance Abuse Problems in Sweden) "Drug users, both men and women, are often unemployed, homeless and frequently at the margins of society. Moreover, female drug users most often have less social support and a worse mental health compare to male regular drug users. Most research does not differentiate between genders in their analyses and focus is usually on the male subjects. Women normally make up 20 - 35 % of the subjects in most published studies; however, women often have a more serious addiction.

Previous Estimates of Problem Drug Use in Sweden

(Previous Estimates of Problem Drug Use in Sweden) "Individuals with drug use that could be categorised as problematic are generally a hard-to-reach population, making it difficult to obtain a picture of population size and development. Sweden also lacks a well-established definition of problematic or harmful drug use. In order to reach a more accurate picture of the Problem Drug Use (PDU) population size, as well as their living conditions, three nationwide studies were conducted in 1979, 1992 and 1998.

Estimated Number of Problem Drug Users in Sweden

Problem Drug Use

(Estimated Number of Problem Drug Users in Sweden) "In total, the number of problematic drug users in Sweden was estimated at a rounded of figure of 29,500. This number is not directly comparable to the figures previously derived in Sweden due to differences in both the data sources and the methods used. The national estimate relating to population was 3.2 with the 'all ages' denominator and 4.9 with the 15-64 years of age denominator (see Standard table 7 and 8 for details)."

Availability and Prices of Drugs in Sweden

(Availability and Prices of Drugs in Sweden) "The availability of cannabis resin is judged to have increased over the past 20 years. Both economic availability and physical supply have increased. This assessment is based on the fact that seizures and court cases involving cannabis have increased sharply, at the same time as prices have fallen. However, data for 2010 indicates that this trend may have been broken in that the prices for cannabis resin rose and seizures decreased somewhat.

Police Authority to Order Drug Tests

(Police Authority to Order Drug Tests) "Since drug use is prohibited with a maximum of six months imprisonment, the police are allowed to conduct drug tests (blood or urine) if there is reasonable cause to believe that a person is under the influence of drugs, however not on persons younger than 15 years old. The conservatives have however suggested a change in the legislation so that also these persons could be tested, in order to detect and stop drug use among young teenagers at an early stage.

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