Netherlands

Statistics and other data regarding drugs and drug policies in the Netherlands, covering all areas including public safety/criminal justice, public health, harm reduction, treatment, and prevention.

Heroin-Assisted Treatment in The Netherlands, 2012

(Heroin-Assisted Treatment in The Netherlands, 2012) "In 2012 there are still 740 treatment places for medical heroin prescription operational at 18 units in 16 different municipalities (Regulation Heroin Treatment). Since 15 October 2009 heroin (diamorphine) can be prescribed by physicians working at municipal treatment units for treatment resistant heroin addicts to addicts who are registered at that units. For this reason the Opium Act Decision was complemented with Appendix 2 (Stb 2009-348).

Prevalence of Problem Cannabis Use in The Netherlands

(Prevalence of Problem Cannabis Use in The Netherlands) "From April 2009 until December 2009 the general population survey also included questions on problems related to cannabis use. These questions were derived from the DSM IV criteria for cannabis dependence and may be considered as a proxy measure of problem cannabis but they do not yield a clinical diagnosis of dependence.

Anonymous Drug Purity Testing and Analysis in The Netherlands, 2011

(Anonymous Drug Purity Testing and Analysis in The Netherlands, 2011) "Twenty years ago the Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Sport (VWS) founded the Drugs Information and Monitoring System (DIMS). The DIMS explores the chemical content of drugs, the health risks, and monitors trends. The drugs are collected by means of those users who bring their drugs for control to an organisation affiliated with the DIMS. These organisations have weekly office hours.

Government-Produced Medical Cannabis in The Netherlands

(Government-Produced Medical Cannabis in The Netherlands) "The Bureau Medicinal Cannabis (BMC) only delivers the raw material, there is still no official 'cannabis medication' produced and registered by a pharmaceutical company. The BMC could be exploited cost-effective in 2010. In 2010, 102 kilograms of medicinal cannabis were delivered to pharmacies and it is estimated that about 558 patients were using it with an average of 0.5 gram per day per each person.

Drug Law Offenses In The Netherlands

(Drug Law Offenses In The Netherlands) "The most important act with regard to drug law offences is the Opium Act, which defines the trafficking, production, cultivation, dealing and possession of illegal drugs as criminal acts, when these activities take place outside of the conditions mentioned in the Opium Act Decision and the Regulation Opium Act Exemptions. The drugs in question are named in schedule I (‘hard drugs’ like heroin, cocaine, amphetamines or ecstasy) and schedule II (‘soft drugs’ like cannabis or hallucinogenic mushrooms) of the Opium Act.

Access to and Availability of Cannabis in The Netherlands

(Access to and Availability of Cannabis in The Netherlands) "In the Netherlands, the sale of cannabis to individual users is tolerated by the mayor and not prosecuted by the Public Prosecutor if it takes place in a coffee shop which has a formal permit of the mayor and which adheres to criteria for non-prosecution which are defined in the Directive Opium Act of the Public Prosecutor (Aanwijzing Opiumwet, see www.om.nl). Municipalities can apply additional local criteria, for instance with regards to opening hours of location (Bieleman, Nijkamp and Haaijer, 2013).

Netherlands Drug Policy

"All recent policy documents state that the Dutch drug policy has two cornerstones - and this was confirmed by the Minister of Health, Welfare and Sport during the major drug debate in the House of Representatives in March 2012: to protect public health and to combat public nuisance and drug-related crime (TK 24077-259; TK Handelingen 69-28 maart 2012).

Netherlands Policy Regarding Prosecution for Drugs

"Police and Public Prosecutor give low priority to the investigation of possession of small amounts of a drug for own use. The Opium Act Directive of the Public Prosecutor state that, if the offence concerns possession of small amounts for own use of a hard drug, the drugs will be seized, but normally there will be no custody or prosecution. Diversion to care is the primary aim of custody or prosecution in cases of possession of hard drugs (Directive Opium Act 2011A021 2012, www.om.nl).

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