(Dutch Coffee Shop Policy Changes Post-2012) "Dutch coffee shop policy became more restrictive on 1 January 2012. Two new criteria coffee shops must adhere to in order for them to be tolerated were added to the Opium Act Directive for the Public Prosecutor: the private club [B] criterion and the residence [I] criterion. The new criteria were formally enforced in the three southern provinces of Limburg, Noord-Brabant and Zeeland between 1 May 2012 and 19 November 2012.
Statistics and other data regarding drugs and drug policies in the Netherlands, covering all areas including public safety/criminal justice, public health, harm reduction, treatment, and prevention.
(The Netherlands and Depenalization of Cannabis Use) "There is no evidence that the depenalization component of the 1976 policy, per se, increased levels of cannabis use. On the other hand, the later growth in commercial access to cannabis, after de facto legalization, was accompanied by steep increases in use, even among youth. In interpreting that association, three points deserve emphasis. First, the association may not be causal; we have already seen that recent increases occurred in the United States and Oslo despite very different policies.
(Prevalence and Frequency of Marijuana Use in the Netherlands by Gender and Age)
"Frequency of use
" In 2009, last month prevalence of cannabis use was 4.7%; 30% of these last month users reported daily or almost daily use. This is some 1.3% of the total population aged 15 through 64 years, or 141.000 (almost) daily cannabis users in absolute numbers.
" One quarter (25%) of the current users consumed cannabis a few times per week, 21% at least once per week and 24% less than once per week.
(Marijuana Use by Young People in The Netherlands, by Gender and Ethnicity) "Figure 2.2.1 shows that cannabis use strongly increases with age.
"• At age 12 only few pupils have ever used cannabis, less than 1%. At age 16, one in five girls and one in three boys had ever tried cannabis.
"• While boys have overall more ever and current experience with cannabis, gender differences are only significant for current use and only at age 16.
(Spending on Addiction Treatment in The Netherlands, 2011) "In the Netherlands, an institute for addiction care and/or mental health care is financed in a complex way by several sources. As a rule, regular institutes receive their funding from the Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Sport; the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment; the Ministry of Security and Justice; the provinces; the municipalities; the health insurance companies; additional temporary funds; and some private funding.
(Heroin-Assisted Treatment in The Netherlands, 2012) "In 2012 there are still 740 treatment places for medical heroin prescription operational at 18 units in 16 different municipalities (Regulation Heroin Treatment). Since 15 October 2009 heroin (diamorphine) can be prescribed by physicians working at municipal treatment units for treatment resistant heroin addicts to addicts who are registered at that units. For this reason the Opium Act Decision was complemented with Appendix 2 (Stb 2009-348).