International

International — Drug Control Policies Around The World

Average Drug Prices in Germany, 2010-2011

(Average Drug Prices in Germany, 2010-2011) "As far as the average drug prices (Table 10.7) are concerned, there were hardly any changes of any significance observed from 2010 to 2011.
"At retail level, the prices for cocaine (+-0%), ecstasy (+-0%), hashish (+1%), marijuana (+2%), amphetamine (+5%) and LSD (+9%) either stayed constant or rose slightly. The prices for heroin (+17%), crystal (+17%) and crack (+18%), however, rose on a nationwide to a noticeable degree.

Hard Drug Users Arrested On Their First Offense in Germany 2011

(Hard Drug Users Arrested On Their First Offense in Germany 2011) "The overall figure for first-offence hard drug users increased from 2010 to 2011 by 14.5% to a total of 21,315 (2010: 18,621). As in the previous years, pronounced declines were found for heroin (2011: 2,742; 2010: 3,201; -14.3%). The number of first-offence hard drug users remained unchanged where the offence was in connection with cocaine (2011: 3,343; 2010: 3,211; +4.1%) and LSD (2011: 135; 2010: 141; -4.3%).

Drug Dealing and Trafficking Crimes in Germany 2011

(Drug Dealing and Trafficking Crimes in Germany 2011) "These crimes are related to offences committed in connection with commercial/professional dealing in narcotic drugs or smuggling of larger quantities of narcotic drugs. All drug dealing/trafficking crimes recorded by police are - just as consumption-related crimes - taken account of in this report irrespective of the outcome of later legal proceedings.

Economic Compulsive Drug-Related Crimes in Germany 2011

(Economic Compulsive Drug-Related Crimes in Germany 2011) "Direct economic compulsive crimes are understood to refer to all criminal offences committed in order to obtain narcotic drugs, substitute or alternative drugs. In 2011, 3,013 cases (2010: 2,556) of direct economic compulsive crimes were recorded by the Police Criminal Statistics (Polizeiliche Kriminalstatistik, PKS), which corresponds to an increase of 17.9% compared to the previous year.

Prevalence of Last-Year Use in Austria 2008

(Prevalence of Last-Year Use in Austria 2008) "The prevalence rates covering the past year (12-month prevalence) have gone down considerably. They are above one percent only in the case of cannabis (2.8 %; 2004: 7.5 %) and under one percent regarding all other substances (see Figure 2.1). This confirms the assumption that use of illicit drugs tends to be limited to a certain period in life or to experimental use. However, the strong decrease in 12-month prevalence rates for illicit substances compared to 2004 should be assessed critically.

Drug Consumption Rooms in Denmark 2012

(Drug Consumption Rooms in Denmark 2012) "After Act no. 606 of 18 June 2012 was passed on the amendment of act on psychoactive substances, it has become possible for the municipalities to establish drug consumption rooms as part of their overall services to drug abusers. If the municipality wishes to establish a drug consumption room, the local Social Services Administration must apply to the Ministry of Health.

Opioid Substitution Treatment in Denmark

(Opioid Substitution Treatment in Denmark) "Previously, the Danish Health and Medicines Authority recorded the number of persons in long-term methadone treatment based on data from the prescription register. The most recent records show that 5,700 persons in 2004 were admitted to substitution treatment with methadone. The records provided information about the number of persons admitted to methadone treatment under the Danish Prison and Probation Service and number of persons without a civil registration number (Sundhedsstyrelsen 2008a).

Primary Drug Reported in Drug Treatment in Denmark, 2011

(Primary Drug Reported in Drug Treatment in Denmark, 2011) "In 2011, 63% of the drug users reported cannabis as their primary drug when admitted to treatment for drug abuse. The opioids as a primary drug were reported by 17%, stimulants and cocaine by 15% and 6% reported 'other drugs' as the primary drug on admission. Quite a few drug abusers seeking treatment use several drugs, where 45% of the drug users reported having used more than one drug prior to admission in 2011.

Prevalence of Drug Use in the School Population in Denmark

(Prevalence of Drug Use in the School Population in Denmark) "Ongoing surveys have been made on the experimental use of illicit drugs among the very young. The ESPAD surveys conducted in 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007 and in 2011 show an increase in the experimental use of cannabis and other illicit drugs among the 15-16-year-olds from 1995 to 1999. From this period, the experimental use stabilizes from 2007, however with minor, but significant increases in the experimental use of cannabis, ecstasy and cocaine from 2003 and onwards.

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