"The first Drug Court was implemented in Florida in 1989."
Drug Courts & Treatment Alternatives to Incarceration
"Drug Courts ($92.0 million)
"Department of Health and Human Services - Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
"Department of Justice - Office of Justice Programs
"When a drug court judge steps down, it is not always possible to find a sufficiently motivated replacement. Without a highly motivated judge, the drug court approach simply does not work."
"Specialized forums like drug or domestic violence courts require a judicial temperament in interacting directly with litigants and an openness to insights from fields like mental health.
"It is unclear that legal training is the best preparation for judging in specialized contexts."
Treatment options must be carefully considered by the courts. Various Federal court rulings have determined that offering only Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA) programs, because of their religious basis, violates the establishment clause of the US Constitution. Ruling in the case of Kerr v. Farrey in the 7th Circuit Federal Court of Appeals, Judge Diane P.
"Likewise, in a study conducted by W. Clinton Terry, professor of criminal justice at Florida International University, no real differences were found between the recidivism rates of those who completed and those who dropped out of Broward County's Drug Court treatment program. Only a 4 percent difference in the number of felony rearrests and a 1 percent difference in the number of misdemeanor rearrests were found between the two groups."
"Drug court judges and coordinators ranked improving staff skills to engage and retain drug court participants in treatment as the most needed improvement in the court's treatment component."
"Caucasians and African-Americans were reported to be the most prevalent racial groups in Drug Courts (see Table 4). On average, Caucasians were reported to represent nearly two-thirds (62%) of Drug Court participants nationwide. However, there was considerable variability across jurisdictions. In some Drug Courts, nearly all of the participants were reported to be Caucasian, whereas in others, Caucasians were reported to be virtually absent.
"Reductions in recidivism are so small that if they exist at all they are statistically meaningless. Net-widening is so large that, even if drug courts truly were effective in reducing recidivism, more drug defendants would continue to jam our prisons than ever before."
Drug Courts and Crime Prevention: "An individual who has an out-of-control addiction commits about 63 crimes a year. Assuming this could be reduced to 10 for someone who is in or has completed treatment, and multiplying it by the 200 offenders in Delaware's probation revocation track who comply with all requirements, a single drug court may prevent more than 10,000 crimes each year."