Imprisonment Rates In The US By Age And Gender

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"There were 440 prisoners sentenced to more than one year in state or federal prison per 100,000 U.S. residents on December 31, 2017, the lowest rate since 1997 (444 per 100,000) (table 5; see figure 1). Among U.S. residents age 18 or older, 568 in 100,000 were imprisoned on a sentence of more than one year at year-end 2017. At that time, 1.1% of adult males living in the United States (1,082 in 100,000) were serving a sentence of more than one year, representing a 2% decrease from year-end 2016 (1,108 in 100,000). The imprisonment rate for females also declined during that period, from 64 to 63 per 100,000 female U.S. residents of all ages and from 82 to 81 per 100,000 female U.S. residents age 18 or older.

"Broken down by state and federal rates, the imprisonment rate for sentenced prisoners per 100,000 U.S. residents was 390 under state jurisdiction and 51 under federal jurisdiction. At year-end 2017, a total of 22 states had imprisonment rates that were higher than the nationwide average for all states. Louisiana had the highest rate (719 per 100,000 state residents), followed by Oklahoma (704 per 100,000) and Mississippi (619 per 100,000) (table 6).

"The imprisonment rate for females was highest in Oklahoma (157 per 100,000 female state residents), followed by Kentucky (133 per 100,000), South Dakota (124 per 100,000), and Idaho (114 per 100,000). More than 1% of all male residents in six states were in prison on December 31, 2017: Louisiana (1,387 per 100,000 male state residents), Oklahoma (1,262 per 100,000), Mississippi (1,189 per 100,000), Arkansas (1,122 per 100,000), Arizona (1,039 per 100,000), and Texas (1,022 per 100,000)."

Source: 

Jennifer Bronson, PhD, and E. Ann Carson, PhD. Prisoners In 2017. Washington, DC: US Dept of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, April 2019, NCJ252156, pp. 9-10.
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