Number Of People Serving Time For Drug, Violent, Property, and Other Offenses In US Prisons

"Offense characteristics of federal prisoners

"• Almost half of prisoners sentenced to federal prison were serving time for a drug offense (almost all for drug trafficking) on September 30, 2018, the most recent date for which data are available (tables 15 and 16).

"• About two-fifths of federal prisoners in 2018 were in prison for a public-order offense (39%, or 63,600), including 18% (28,800) for a weapons offense and 6% (9,200) for a convicted immigration offense.

"• Fewer than 1 in 10 federal prisoners (8%) were serving time for a violent offense on September 30, 2018.

"• About 10% of black, 7% of white, and 3% of Hispanic federal prisoners were serving time for a violent offense in 2018.

"• About 47% of white, 38% of black, and 35% of Hispanic federal prisoners were serving time for a public-order offense in 2018.

"• Almost 60% of Hispanic federal prisoners in 2018 were serving time for a drug offense (almost always for drug trafficking), and 17% were serving time for an adjudicated immigration offense."

State
"Offense characteristics of state prisoners

"• More than half (56%) of state prisoners sentenced to more than one year were serving a sentence for a violent offense at year-end 2017 (the most recent year for which data are available) (tables 13 and 14).

"• At year-end 2017, an estimated 14% of sentenced state prisoners were serving time for murder or non-negligent manslaughter (182,200), and another 13% were serving time for rape or sexual assault (167,000).

"• On December 31, 2017, about 14% of sentenced state prisoners had been convicted of a drug offense as their most serious crime (183,900).

"• Among sentenced state prisoners at year-end 2017, an estimated three-fifths of blacks and Hispanics (61% each) and nearly half of whites (48%) were serving time for a violent offense.

"• Among prisoners serving more than one year in state prison at year-end 2017, a larger proportion of blacks (17%) than Hispanics (15%) or whites (11%) were serving time for murder or non-negligent manslaughter.

"• Among sentenced prisoners serving in state prison at year-end 2017, a larger portion of whites (17%) than Hispanics (14%) or blacks (8%) were serving time for rape or sexual assault.

"• At year-end 2017, 57% of male and 38% of female sentenced state prisoners were serving a sentence for a violent offense."

Source: 

E. Ann Carson, PhD. Prisoners In 2018. Washington, DC: US Dept of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, April 2020, NCJ253516.
https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm...
https://www.bjs.gov/content/pu...

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