Estimated Prevalence of Cannabis Use Among Young Adults in the EU

"An estimated 16.6 million young Europeans (aged 15–34), or 13.3 % of this age group, used cannabis in the last year, with 9.6 million of these aged 15–24 (16.4 % of this age group). Among young people using cannabis in the last year, the ratio of males to females is two to one.
"The most recent survey results show that countries continue to follow divergent paths in last year cannabis use (Figure 2.1). Of the countries that have produced surveys since 2013, eight reported higher estimates, four were stable and one reported a lower estimate than in the previous comparable survey.
"Only a limited number of countries have sufficient survey data to allow a statistical analysis of medium and longterm trends in last year cannabis use among young adults (15–34). Surveys for relatively high-prevalence countries, such as Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom, all show decreasing or stable cannabis prevalence over the past decade, while France shows increases in prevalence after 2010. Among countries that have historically lower rates of cannabis use, Finland has consistently reported increases in prevalence over the long term, moving from a low prevalence towards the European average, while Sweden retains a low level with data showing a modest increase over the last decade. Among the countries with fewer comparable data points, the Bulgarian data continues an increasing trend until 2012, while an annual survey in the Czech Republic found increases from 2011 to 2014."


European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (2016), European Drug Report 2016: Trends and Developments, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, p. 38.