Injection Drug Use and HIV/AIDS

26. Method of Infection, AIDS Diagnoses 2008-2011

"From 2008 through 2011, the annual number of infections classified as stage 3 (AIDS) among adult and adolescent males with HIV infection attributed to male-to-male sexual contact increased. The numbers of stage 3 (AIDS) classifications among males with infection attributed to injection drug use, to male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use, and to heterosexual contact decreased. The number of infections classified as stage 3 (AIDS) among adult and adolescent females with HIV infection attributed to injection drug use decreased; the number with infection attributed to heterosexual contact remained stable."

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Surveillance Report, 2011, "Rates of diagnoses of HIV infection among adults and adolescents, by area of residence, 2011—United States and 6 dependent areas"; Vol. 23, p. 7. Published February 2013. Accessed May 21, 2013.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/sta...

27. AIDS Deaths by Method of Transmission and Gender

"From 2008 through 2010, the overall rates for adult and adolescent males and females decreased. The numbers of deaths of males with stage 3 (AIDS) whose HIV infection was attributed to injection drug use, to male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use, and to heterosexual contact decreased. The numbers of deaths of males with infection attributed to male-to-male sexual contact and to perinatal transmission remained stable. Among adult and adolescent females, the numbers of deaths of those with infection attributed to injection drug use and to perinatal transmission decreased. The number of deaths of females with infection attributed to heterosexual contact remained stable. Trend data for persons with infection attributed to perinatal transmission should be interpreted with caution because numbers are small."

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Surveillance Report, 2011, "Rates of diagnoses of HIV infection among adults and adolescents, by area of residence, 2011—United States and 6 dependent areas"; Vol. 23, pp. 8-9. Published February 2013. Accessed May 21, 2013.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/sta...

28. AIDS Deaths by Gender and Method of Transmission, 2010

The CDC estimates that of the 11,923 male adults or adolescents with diagnosed HIV infection which was ever classified as stage 3 (AIDS) who died in 2010, 5,980 of the cases were reportedly transmitted through male-to-male sexual contact (MSM), 2,907 were reportedly transmitted through injection drug use, 1,258 were reportedly transmitted through male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use, 1,654 were reportedly transmitted through heterosexual contact, 26 were reportedly transmitted through perinatal exposure, and 97 were attributed to "other."

The CDC estimates that of the 4,170 female adults or adolescents with diagnosed HIV infection which was ever classified as stage 3 (AIDS) who died in 2010, 1,563 were reportedly transmitted through injection drug use, 2,540 were reportedly transmitted through heterosexual contact, 38 were reportedly transmitted through perinatal exposure, and 29 were attributed to "other."

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Surveillance Report, 2011, "Rates of diagnoses of HIV infection among adults and adolescents, by area of residence, 2011—United States and 6 dependent areas"; Vol. 23, Table 12b, pp. 46-47. Published February 2013. Accessed May 21, 2013.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/sta...

29. AIDS Deaths in the US, 2010 and Cumulative

In 2010, a total of 16,093 persons in the US and 6 dependent areas were estimated to have died with a diagnosed HIV infection ever classified as stage 3 (AIDS). From the beginning of the epidemic through 2010, an estimated 658,992 persons in the US and 6 dependent areas are estimated to have died from AIDS.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Surveillance Report, 2011, "Rates of diagnoses of HIV infection among adults and adolescents, by area of residence, 2011—United States and 6 dependent areas"; Vol. 23, Table 12b, pp. 46-47. Published February 2013. Accessed May 21, 2013.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/sta...

30. AIDS Diagnoses by Gender and Transmission Method, 2007

"Of the estimated 398,057 male adults and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS, 64% had been exposed through male-to-male sexual contact, 16% through injection drug use, 12% through high-risk heterosexual contact, and 7% through both male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use. Of the estimated 146,692 female adults and adolescents living with HIV/ AIDS, 72% had been exposed through high-risk heterosexual contact, and 26% had been exposed through injection drug use."

Editor's Note: The CDC defines high-risk heterosexual contact as "heterosexual contact with a person known to have, or to be at high risk for, HIV infection."

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2007," Vol. 19. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2009: p. 9.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/...

Pages