Travel Distance as a Barrier to Treatment Access and Utilization in the US

Barriers to Treatment Access

"Increasing evidence suggests that distance, which can impact travel times to outpatient treatment settings, can have a significant effect on OSAT service utilization. Fortney et al. [22] studied 106 clients receiving treatment for depression and found that increased travel time from providers was significantly associated with making fewer visits and a greater likelihood of receiving less effective care [22]. Similarly, Beardsley et al. [21] focused on the distance traveled by 1,735 clients to various outpatient treatment programs in an urban setting. They found that distance is strongly correlated with treatment completion and higher retention rates; specifically, clients who traveled less than one mile (less than 1.6 kilometers) were more likely to complete treatment than those who traveled farther [21]."

Source: 

Guerrero, Erick G., et al., "Availability of Substance Abuse Treatment Services in Spanish: A GIS Analysis of Latino Communities in Los Angeles County, California," Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy (2011), 6:21.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pu...
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