HIV AIDS and Race in the US

1. Persons Living with HIV Infection Ever Classified As Stage 3 (AIDS) In The US, by Race and Ethnicity

"From 2010 through 2014, the number and rate of persons living with infection ever classified as stage 3 (AIDS) increased (Table 19a). At year-end 2014, 521,002 persons in the United States were living with infection ever classified as stage 3 (AIDS). The prevalence rate of infections classified as stage 3 (AIDS) was 163.4.
"• Age group: At year-end 2014, the highest rate (473.1) and the largest percentage (20%) were those for persons aged 50–54 years, followed by persons aged 45–49 (431.9 and 17%, respectively). From 2010 through 2014, the largest percentage increase in rates (57%) was among persons aged 65 years and older (from 56.8 in 2010 to 89.3 in 2014).
"• Race/ethnicity: At year-end 2014, the highest rate (551.5) and the largest percentage (42%) were those for blacks/African Americans. Among the remaining race/ethnicity groups, the rates were 329.0 for persons of multiple races, 206.2 for Hispanics/Latinos, 83.6 for Native Hawaiians/other Pacific Islanders, 80.7 for whites, 64.5 for American Indians/Alaska Natives, and 36.6 for Asians."

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Surveillance Report, 2015; vol. 27, Table 21b, pp. 9-10. Published November 2016. Last accessed March 3, 2017.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/library...
https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/li...

2. Rates of Diagnoses of Stage 3 HIV (AIDS) In The US, by Race/Ethnicity

"From 2008 through 2012, rates decreased for all race/ethnicity groups: American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians, blacks/African Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, Native Hawaiians/other Pacific Islanders, whites, and persons of multiple races. In 2012, the rates were 36.4 for blacks/African Americans, 15.2 for persons of multiple races, 10.2 for Hispanics/Latinos, 6.2 for Native Hawaiians/other Pacific Islanders, 4.9 for American Indians/Alaska Natives, 3.5 for whites, and 2.7 for Asians. Please use caution when interpreting data for Native Hawaiians/other Pacific Islanders: the numbers are small."

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Surveillance Report, 2012; vol. 24, p. 7. Published November 2014. Accessed February 21, 2015.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/library...
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/sta...

3. Persons In The US Living with Diagnosed HIV Infection Ever Classified as Stage 3 (AIDS), by Transmission Method

"From 2010 through 2014, the number and rate of persons living with infection ever classified as stage 3 (AIDS) increased (Table 19a). At year-end 2014, 521,002 persons in the United States were living with infection ever classified as stage 3 (AIDS). The prevalence rate of infections classified as stage 3 (AIDS) was 163.4."
Click here for the complete datatable of Estimated Number of Persons Living with Diagnosed HIV Infection Ever Classified as Stage 3 (AIDS), by Race/Ethnicity, Gender, and Transmission Method at Year-End 2014 - United States and 6 Dependent Areas

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Surveillance Report, 2015; vol. 27, Table 21b, p. 9 and pp. 97-98. Published November 2016. Last accessed March 3, 2017.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/library...
https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/li...

4. Persons in the US and 6 Dependent Areas Living with HIV, by Race/Ethnicity

According to the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC), at year-end 2014 there were an estimated total of 972,813 persons living with an HIV diagnosis in the US states and 6 dependent territories. Of these, 2,909 were American Indian/Alaska Native, 12,370 were Asian, 405,644 were Black/African-American, 215,721 were Hispanic/Latino, 881 were Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, 300,231 were White, and 35,057 were multiple races.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Surveillance Report, 2015; vol. 27, Table 20b, p. 94. Published November 2016. Last accessed December 6, 2017.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/library...
https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/li...

5. New HIV Infections Among Youths in the US, by Transmission Method

"In 2010, of the estimated 47,500 new HIV infections, 12,200 (25.7%) were among youths (10,100 [82.8%] among males and 2,100 [17.2%] among females). An estimated 7,000 (57.4%) newly infected youths were blacks/African Americans (5,600 males and 1,400 females), 2,390 (19.6%) were Hispanics/Latinos (2,100 males and 290 females), and 2,380 (19.5%) were whites (2,100 males and 280 females) (Figure 2). By transmission category, 72.1% of all new HIV infections among youths were attributed to male-to-male sexual contact, 19.8% to heterosexual contact,†† 4.0% to injection drug use, and 3.7% to male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use. Among females, 85.7% of infections were attributed to heterosexual contact and 12.9% to injection drug use. Among males, 87.1% of infections were attributed to male-to-male sexual contact, 6.0% to heterosexual contact, 2.2% to injection drug use, and 4.5% to male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use. Of the 8,800 new infections among youths attributed to male-to-male sexual contact, 4,800 (54.4%) were among blacks/African Americans, 1,900 (21.6%) among Hispanics/Latinos, and 1,800 (20.5%) among whites."

Centers for Disease Control, "Vital Signs: HIV Infection, Testing, and Risk Behaviors Among Youths - United States," Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 61, No. 47 (Atlanta, GA: CDC, Nov. 30, 2012), p. 972.
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/previe...

6. AIDS-Related Deaths Among State Prison Inmates 2008-2010 By Race/Ethnicity

"AIDS-related deaths among all state and federal prison inmates declined an average 16% per year between 2001 and 2010, from 24 deaths per 100,000 inmates in 2001 to 5 per 100,000 in 2010.
"Among state and federal inmates with HIV/AIDS, the rate of AIDS-related deaths dropped significantly, from 134 deaths per 10,000 inmates with HIV/AIDS in 2001 to 38 per 10,000 in 2010.
"When grouped by 2010 yearend custody populations, the declining rate of HIV/AIDS in small, medium, and large state prisons had the same 3% average annual decline in the national rate between 2001 and 2010.
"Between 2001 and 2010, the average annual decline of 16% in the national AIDS mortality rate was similar to the decline in small (down 12%), medium (down 17%), and large (down 19%) state prison populations.
"Rate of HIV/AIDS cases and AIDS-related deaths declined across all sizes of prison populations.
"In 2009, the AIDS mortality rate among state prison inmates (6 per 100,000) fell below the rate for the U.S. general population (7 per 100,000).
"AIDS-related deaths in state prisons declined from 89 in 2009 to 69 in 2010 among males, from 70 to 43 among black non-Hispanics, and from 87 to 60 among all state inmates age 35 or older."

Click here for complete datatable of Number of AIDS-Related Deaths Among State Prison Inmates 2008-2010

Maruschak, Laura M. "HIV In Prisons, 2001-2010," (Washington, DC: US Dept. of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics), NCJ 238877, Sept. 2012.
http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub...

7. AIDS Deaths in Local Jails in the US

From 2000 through 2014, a total of 569 people died from AIDS-related illnesses while serving time in a local jail in the US. Of those, 98 were white non-Latinx, 395 were black non-Latinx, 73 were Latinx, and 3 were "other."
In 2015, a total of 10 people serving time in local jails in the US died from AIDS-related illnesses.

Noonan, Margaret E., "Mortality in Local Jails, 2000-2014 - Statistical Tables" (Washington, DC: US Dept of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, Dec. 2016), NCJ250169, Tables 1 and 2, p. 5; Table 8, p. 10; and Table 21, p. 20.
https://www.bjs.gov/content/pu...

8. HIV/AIDS Among African-Americans, 2001

"• More than 165,000 African Americans were living with injection-related AIDS or had already died from it by the end of 2001. Many thousands more were infected with the HIV virus.
"• The HIV/AIDS epidemic has fallen much more harshly upon African Americans than on whites who inject drugs. Among those who inject drugs, African Americans are five times as likely as whites to get AIDS.
"• 2000, with all the advances in AIDS treatment, AIDS was still among the top three leading causes of death for African Americans aged 25-54 years. More than half of those deaths were caused by contaminated needles."

Dawn Day, Ph.D., Health Emergency 2003: The Spread of Drug-Related AIDS and Hepatitis C Among African Americans and Latinos (The Dogwood Center: Princeton, NJ, 2002), p. i.

9. Leading Causes of Death Among African-Americans, 2008

According to the US Centers for Disease Control, among African-Americans in the US in 2008 HIV/AIDS was the tenth leading cause of death overall. It was the eight leading cause of death for African-Americans aged 16-19, the sixth leading cause for African-Americans aged 20-24, the fourth leading cause of death for African-Americans aged 25-34, the fourth leading cause of death for African-Americans aged 35-44, the fourth leading cause of death for African-Americans aged 45-54, and the eighth leading cause of death for African-Americans aged 55-64.

Heron, Melonie P., PhD, "Deaths: Leading Causes for 2008," National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 60, No. 6 (Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, June 6, 2012), p. 32, Table 1.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/n...

10. Leading Causes of Death Among Hispanics, 2008

According to the US Centers for Disease Control, among Hispanics in the US in 2008 HIV/AIDS was the eighth leading cause of death for Hispanics aged 20-24, the sixth leading cause of death among Hispanics aged 25-34, the seventh leading cause for Hispanics aged 35-44, and the seventh leading cause of death for Hispanics aged 45-54.

Heron, Melonie P., PhD, "Deaths: Leading Causes for 2008," National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 60, No. 6 (Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, June 6, 2012), p. 54-55, Table 2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/n...

11. Leading Causes of Death for Non-Hispanic Whites, 2008

According to the US Centers for Disease Control, among non-Hispanic Whites in the US in 2008 HIV/AIDS was the ninth leading cause of death for Non-Hispanic Whites aged 35-44.

Heron, Melonie P., PhD, "Deaths: Leading Causes for 2008," National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 60, No. 6 (Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, June 6, 2012), pp. 61-62, Table 2.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/n...

12. HIV/AIDS Among Latinos, 2001

"• More than 76,000 Latinos living in the United States and Puerto Rico had injection-related AIDS or had already died from it by the end of 2001. Thousands more were infected with the HIV virus.
"• The HIV/AIDS epidemic has fallen more harshly upon Latinos than on whites who inject drugs. Among those who inject drugs, Latinos are at least one and a half times as likely as whites to get AIDS.
"• In 2000, with all the advances in AIDS treatment, AIDS was still among the top five leading causes of death for Latinos aged 25-54. More than half of those deaths were caused by contaminated needles."

Dawn Day, Ph.D., Health Emergency 2003: The Spread of Drug-Related AIDS and Hepatitis C Among African Americans and Latinos (The Dogwood Center: Princeton, NJ, 2002), p. i.

13. HIV in Jails

"Among jail inmates in 2002 who had ever been tested for HIV, Hispanics (2.9%) were more than 3 times as likely as whites (0.8%) and twice as likely as blacks (1.2%) to report being HIV positive."

Maruschak, Laura M. "HIV In Prisons and Jails, 2002," NCJ-205333 (Washington, DC: Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Dec. 2004), p. 1.
http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub...