Prevalence of HIV Among Injection Drug Users
"In 2011, 269 cases of HIV infection were reported to the Norwegian Surveillance System for Communicable Diseases (MSIS). Ten of the cases were among injecting drug users. The median age was 38 years (28 to 51 years). Five of the ten injecting drug users who were diagnosed as HIV positive in 2011 were persons of foreign origin who had been infected before arriving in Norway.
"As of 31 December 2011, a total of 585 persons had been diagnosed as HIV positive with injecting use as a risk factor. This amounts to 12 per cent of all reported cases of HIV since 1984, but as little as five per cent of all reported cases since 2000. Development into AIDS has been reported in 153 of the cases (Table 2). No information is available regarding how many of the HIV-positive injecting drug users are still alive."
Norwegian Institute for Alcohol and Drug Research, "The Drug Situation in Norway 2012: annual report to the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA)," (Oslo, Norway: December 2012), p. 32.