Availability of Cigarettes Among 8th and 10th Graders According To The Monitoring The Future Study

"After holding fairly steady at very high levels for some years, the availability of cigarettes to 8th and 10th graders began to decline modestly after 1996, very likely as a result of increased enforcement of laws prohibiting sale to minors under the Synar Amendment and FDA regulations. Those declines continued among 8th graders, including a significant decrease in 2009; the proportion saying that they could get cigarettes fairly or very easily fell from 77% in 1996 to 56% in 2010, before declining significantly to 50% by 2013. Over the same interval, the decline among 10th graders was from 91% in 1996 to 71% in 2013. These are encouraging changes and suggest that state and community efforts to reduce accessibility to adolescents—particularly younger adolescents—seem to be working."


Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., Schulenberg, J. E. & Miech, R. A. (2014). Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, 1975–2013: Volume I, Secondary school students. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan, p. 460.