Prevalence of Substance Use in the European Union

"Over 88 million adults, or just over a quarter of the 15- to 64-year-olds in the European Union, are estimated to have tried illicit drugs at some point in their lives. Drug use is more frequently reported by males (54.3 million) than females (34.8 million). The most commonly used drug is cannabis (51.5 million males and 32.4 million females), with much lower estimates reported for the lifetime use of cocaine (11.9 million males and 5.3 million females), MDMA (9.1 million males and 3.9 million females) and amphetamines (8.3 million males and 3.8 million females). Levels of lifetime use of cannabis differ considerably between countries, ranging from around four in 10 adults in France and one-third of adults in Denmark and Italy, to less than one in 10 in Bulgaria, Hungary, Malta, Romania and Turkey.
"Last year drug use provides a good measure of recent drug use and is largely concentrated among young people (15–34). An estimated 17.8 million young adults used drugs in the last year, with males outnumbering females by a factor of two."


European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (2016), European Drug Report 2016: Trends and Developments, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, pp. 37-38.