Sweden

Statistics and other data regarding drugs and drug policies in Sweden, covering all areas including public safety/criminal justice, public health, prevention, treatment, and harm reduction.

Decrease in Drug Control Funding and Increase in Lifetime Prevalence in Sweden

(Decrease in Drug Control Funding and Increase in Lifetime Prevalence in Sweden) "During the 1990s there has been reduced funding in this field [drugs] and at the same time there has been an increase in the availability of drugs with a corresponding increase in lifetime prevalence of drug use among young people. However, the annual school survey in grade 9 made during the spring showed a decrease in use of alcohol, drugs and tobacco. This decrease was the first in more than a decade.

History of Restrictive Policies

(History of Restrictive Policies) "Between 1917 and 1955 Sweden had an alcohol rationing system, and even today embraces a comparatively restrictive alcohol policy. This tradition makes a restrictive drug policy a logical option. The current alcohol policy is based on the “total consumption” model, which holds that the more people use alcohol, the more they will abuse it and the greater the total harm caused by alcohol will be. The implication for policy, then, is to limit alcohol use through the instruments of price and availability."

National Drug Control Strategy

(National Drug Control Strategy) "A five-year strategy covering the years 2011 to 2015 was adopted by the Swedish Parliament in March 2011 (Ministry of Health and Social Affairs Sweden, 2011).
"The strategy’s main objective is a society free from narcotics and doping and decreased medical and social harm from alcohol as well as a decrease in the use of tobacco. The 2011-2015 strategy also states that the overall goals from previous national action plans continue to apply.

Estimated Number of Current Drug Users in Sweden

"Two per cent of the men and 0.9 per cent of the women reported some type of illicit drug use in the past 30 days, corresponding to approximately 53,000 men and 24,000 women or a total of 77,000 people. Adding to this the 50,000 people who in the past 30 days had used prescription medicine without a doctor’s prescription, the total figure increases to 127,000 people. The population study indicates that the highest proportion of regular drug use is found among young men between the ages of 15 to 24, while the highest proportion among women is observed in the ages of 25 to 34.

Estimated Prevalence of Past-Year Illicit Substance Use in Sweden

"In 2013, an additional cross-sectional study of drug use was conducted in a nationally representative sample of the population in Sweden (Ramstedt, 2014). A total of 15,576 individuals (59.3% of the total sample) participated in the study and 10.5% reported that they had used an illicit drug or used some prescription medication in a non-prescribed way during the past 12 months. In this study, cocaine and amphetamines were the most common illicit substance reported after cannabis.

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