(US Perception of Portugal's Decriminalization) "Portugal focuses much of its counternarcotic efforts on treatment and prevention. Drug use remains stable and below the EU average, despite decriminalization of personal drug use in 2001. 'Problem' drug use and HIV cases are referred to the Drug Addiction Dissuasion Commission, consisting of multi-disciplinary teams that assess users and decide the appropriate sanction and referral to educational or treatment programs.
Statistics and other data regarding drugs and drug policies in Portugal, covering all areas including public safety/criminal justice, harm reduction, treatment, prevention, and public health.
(Effects of Decriminalization) "In the Portuguese case, the statistical indicators and key informant interviews that we have reviewed suggest that since decriminalization in July 2001, the following changes have occurred:
" small increases in reported illicit drug use amongst adults;
" reduced illicit drug use among problematic drug users and adolescents, at least since 2003;
" reduced burden of drug offenders on the criminal justice system;
" increased uptake of drug treatment;
(Criminal Offenses in Portugal 2012, by Type of Drug) "Concerning the substances involved:
" As in previous years, most cases involved only one drug (94%):
" Mainly cannabis (78%) – 76 in 2011, 71% in 2010, 76% in 2009, 68% in 2008 and 64% in 2007;
" 8% of these processes involved only heroin (9% in 2011, 14% in 2010, 11% in 2009, 14% in 2008 and 17% in 2007). 8% involved only cocaine (7%, 7%, 8%, 6% and 8%, respectively in 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007);
(Decrease in Drug-Related Deaths in Portugal Post-Decriminalization) "In absolute numbers, drug-related deaths from 2002 to 2006 for every prohibited substance have either declined significantly or remained constant compared with 2001. In 2000, for instance, the number of deaths from opiates (including heroin) was 281. That number has decreased steadily since decriminalization, to 133 in 2006 (see Figure 11).56
(Lifetime Prevalence of Use in Portugal Compared with Other EU Nations) "For the period 2001–2005, Portugal—for the 15–64 age group—has the absolute lowest lifetime prevalence rate for cannabis, the most used drug in the EU. Indeed, the majority of EU states have rates that are double and triple the rate for postdecriminalization Portugal (see Figures 15 and 16).68
(Portugal's Decriminalization Law and Commissions for the Dissuasion of Drug Use (CDTs)) "The decriminalisation of possession and use of drugs, Law 30/2000 of 29 of November, is an operational instrument of objectives and policies to combat the use and abuse of drugs, and the promotion of public health, complementary to the strategies of other areas of intervention of IDT, I.P. in the field of demand reduction, representing as well a measure against social exclusion.
(Laws and Penalties for Trafficking Offenses) "Drug traffic is defined by chapter III art. 21 of the Decree Law 15/93: ‘traffic and other illicit activities’. Producing, offering, selling, preparing or cultivating illicit drugs are, among others, the classic offences constituting drug traffic. It must be mentioned that the same article expressly excludes drug use offences foreseen by article 40 of the same decree law.
(Harm and Risk Reduction Model in Portugal) "The Harm and Risk Reduction model implemented in Portugal, aims to propose, through integrated work, to users who are unable or unwilling to renounce drug use, help to reduce harm they cause themselves trough alternatives paths that lead to treatment facilities and therefore a gradual process of stabilization and organization, which may allow the recovery process.
(Perceptions and Lifetime Prevalence by Gender and Age In Portugal) "Gender differences concerning illegal drugs experimentation were found for all substances. A higher proportion of males than females had used these substances at least once (18.4 % vs 5.2 % for cannabis, 1.8 % vs 0.4 % for heroin and 3.2 % vs 0.7 % for cocaine).
"The use of illicit drugs is more frequent among the youngest (15-34 years old), especially in the age group 25-34 years.
(Youth Alcohol Use in Portugal Compared to Other Nations) "In all ESPAD countries but one, 70% or more of the students have drunk alcohol at least once during their lifetime. The ESPAD average is 87% (range: 56–98%). The highest rates of lifetime alcohol prevalence (above 95%) are found in the Czech Republic and Latvia. There is one ESPAD country that stands out with a low figure, namely Iceland, but the proportion is actually the same (56%) in the United States (not an ESPAD country).