(Adoption of Alternative Approaches for Drug-Using Offenders) "The 16 February 201249 circular established new criminal policy strategies to be adopted by the judicial authorities. While reiterating the need to consider investigative elements that suggest simple use or narcotics addiction and the principle of proportionality with respect to the seriousness of the alleged offence, the February 2012 circular emphasises the need for systematic penal responses and increasingly effective judicial measures.
(French National Strategy Against Drugs) "The initial interministerial anti-drug plan dates back to 1983. The 2008-2011 'Government Action Plan Against Drugs and Drug Addiction' includes almost 200 measures for prevention, enforcement, health/social care, research, observation, training and international cooperation. Priority is given to preventing people from taking drugs from the get-go, since the age of first-time use is younger and younger. This targets young people and those close to them (such as parents and educators).
(Drug Offenses in France and the Principle of Appropriateness of Proceedings) "A drug user is an individual who consumes a narcotic substance. The legal authorities often liken the possession of small quantities of narcotics to use. They also equate the cultivation of cannabis to use when the substance is intended for personal consumption.
(Drug Arrests by Substance in France 2011) "Cannabis remains the main substance involved in arrests for drug-related offences, regardless of the grounds for arrest, accounting for 90% of arrests for use and 70% of use-dealing and
trafficking cases in 2011.
"Way behind cannabis, heroin and cocaine are the main substances involved in drug-related arrests (accounting for 5.4% and 3.5% of usage-related arrests, respectively).
(Prevalence of Cocaine Use by Age) "The proportion of 15-64 year-olds who have used cocaine at least once has significantly increased three-fold in 15 years, from 1.2% in 1995 to 3.6% in 2010. It increased by a third between the last two Health Barometer surveys. Use in the previous year almost doubled between 2005 and 2010 among 15-64 year-olds, from 0.5% in 2005 to 0.9% in 2010 (Table 2.2), a statistically significant increase. First time use usually takes place at the average age of 23.1 years.
(Price of Selected Drugs at the Retail Level in France 2011)
(Drug-Induced Mortality in France 2009) "Data from the death registry reveal a constant increase in the number of drug-induced deaths from 2003 to 2008, and even until 2009 if we limit the age range to 15-49-year-olds, amongst whom the large majority of cases were due to overdose.
(Prevalence of HIV/AIDS in France 2010, by Transmission Method)) "The estimate of the number of new HIV patients since HIV reporting became mandatory in 2003 was 55,168 on 31 December 2010 137. Given reporting delays and under-reporting, in 2010 the number of positive notifications was estimated at 6,265, which is slightly lower than the two preceding years (6,341 in 2009 and 6,340 in 2008).
(Primary Drug Reported by Clients Entering Treatment in France 2011) "In 2011, almost half of new patients (48%) were treated in specialised treatment centres for problems associated with cannabis use. A majority (57%) of them stated using cannabis every day. The percentage of people treated for their cannabis use was much lower among women (35% vs. 51%). The proportion of people using it daily was slightly lower among men, but this difference was not very marked (57% vs. 61%).
(Estimated Number of Clients Receiving Treatment in France 2008) "We currently have relatively accurate information about the number of people receiving care in the specialist centres. The CSAPAs [National Treatment and Prevention Centre for Substance Abuse] are required to provide the administrative authorities with an annual activity report containing certain information about people received during the previous year (see Appendix IV-P). The response rate for these reports is close to 90% annually and almost 100% over a two-year period.