(Prevalence of HIV Infection in Tajikistan, 2011) "As of December 31, 2011, a cumulative total of 3,846 HIV infections had been diagnosed in the country, with HIV infections among males comprising 77.7% and among females 22.3%. The incidence of HIV (diagnosed infections) is 43.4 per 100,000 members of the population. HIV infections were registered in 66 out of 68 districts of the country. The total number of AIDS-related deaths is 552 (14.4.% of diagnosed HIV cases). The estimated number of people infected with HIV has been put between 6,800 and 10,000.
Eastern Europe and Central Asia
(Opioid Substitution Treatment Availability In Tajikistan, 2011) "In 2009, the Government of Tajikistan reviewed and supported the request of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tajikistan regarding the introduction of a pilot project of opioid substitution therapy (OST), initially for 200 patients. In accordance with the resolution of the Government, the Ministry began to implement the project.
(Needle and Syringe Programs Operating In Tajikistan, 2011) "As of the end of 2011, 49 needle and syringe programmes were operating in Tajikistan through the trust points, including 21 trust points for IDUs (based on the premises of treatment and prevention facilities) that were supported by UNDP within the framework of the implementation of GFATM grants, and 28 trust points supported both through GFATM grants and CARHAP/DFID, PSI, OSI, and Red Crescent Society projects. Geographically, NSPs are available in 28 sites of the 68 districts of the country.
(Disconnect Between Official Estimates And Actual Prevalence Of Injection Drug Use In Tajikistan) "The problem of injecting drug use and the related increase in the number of diagnosed HIV infections remains of high importance in the Republic of Tajikistan. According to official statistics, 7,135 drug-dependent persons were registered in the Republic as of January 1, 2012.
(Availability of Harm Reduction Services in Central Asia) "With financial support from national Global Fund grants and cooperation from international organisations, prevention efforts are scaling-up across central Asia, largely concentrating on IDUs and female sex workers.
(Prevalence of IDU-Related HIV in Prisons in Central Asia) "HIV testing within prison populations has been widespread in central Asia, reflecting sentinel surveillance and mandatory testing policies. HIV prevalence among prisoners ranges from 2% in Kazakhstan to nearly 7% in Tajikistan (figure 2).
(Prevalence of Hepatitis C Related to Injection Drug Use in Central Asia) "Prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and of syphilis among IDUs can indicate the extent of risky injecting and sexual behaviours respectively.
(Prevalence of High-Risk Behaviors Among Injection Drug Users in Central Asia) "The rapid spread of HIV among IDUs in central Asia has been aided by high prevalence of risky behaviours; 50–70% of IDUs share injecting equipment, purchase pre-filled syringes, or draw-up from common containers, and the use of condoms is low (table 4).6,32,34,52–55 Specific drug preparation practices might also increase risk, with blood used in the preparation of so-called vtoryak, a solution obtained by reprocessing materials after preparation of khanka; however, vtoryak w
(Injection Drug Use and HIV in Central Asia) "There have been substantial increases in both trafficking and use of illicit drugs in central Asia, driven by its geographic position along drug-trafficking routes from Afghanistan, domestic opium production in the south of the sub-region, and prevailing socioeconomic conditions.6,14,21,41,42 Although injection of heroin or home-made opiates (eg, so-called khanka) predominates, stimulant injection has also substantially increased, with 69% of IDUs in one Kazakhstan study43 reporting methamphetamine us
(HIV Prevalence in Central Asia) "Although there are fast-growing HIV epidemics across central Asia, Uzbekistan has the largest number of people with HIV and is experiencing a particularly deteriorating situation (table 2).1,16,21–23 The number of people newly diagnosed with HIV has increased more than 11 times in Uzbekistan between 2001 and 2006 compared with four times in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.24 Young people have been most affected by the HIV epidemic: in Uzbekistan 8413 (64%) of 13,146 cumulative HIV cases have been among people aged 34