Tobacco and Nicotine

Tobacco and Nicotine

Efficacy of E-Cigarettes in Tobacco Cessation and Dual Use of ENDS and Cigarettes

(Efficacy of E-Cigarettes in Tobacco Cessation and Dual Use of ENDS and Cigarettes) "Among adults, reductions in cigarettes per day were observed in several of the clinical studies83,84,86 and in 1 population-based study4 among those who did not quit. Reduction in cigarettes smoked per day could have benefit if it promotes subsequent cessation, as has been found with NRT,90 but this pattern has not yet been seen with e-cigarettes.

Health Effects of E-Cigarette Use

(Health Effects of E-Cigarette Use) "In summary, only a few studies have directly investigated the health effects of exposure to e-cigarette aerosol, but some demonstrate the ability of e-cigarette aerosol exposure to result in biological effects. Long-term biological effects are unknown at this time because e-cigarettes have not been in widespread use long enough for assessment."

Limitations of Some Research on Health Effects of E-Cigarettes

(Limitations of Some Research on Health Effects of E-Cigarettes) "National Vaper’s Club, a pro–e cigarette advocacy group, published a 'risk assessment' of e-cigarette and cigarette use that concluded that 'neither vapor from e-liquids or cigarette smoke analytes posed a condition of 'significant risk' of harm to human health via the inhalation route of exposure.'77 The authors failed to detect benzo(a)pyrene in conventional cigarette smoke despite the fact that it is an established carcinogen in cigarette smoke, and their assessment of conventional cig

Calls to US Poison Centers About Human Exposures to E-Cigarettes, 2010-2014

(Calls to US Poison Centers About Human Exposures to E-Cigarettes, 2010-2014) "During the study period, PCs reported 2,405 e-cigarette and 16,248 cigarette exposure calls from across the United States, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories. E-cigarette exposure calls per month increased from one in September 2010 to 215 in February 2014 (Figure). Cigarette exposure calls ranged from 301 to 512 calls per month and were more frequent in summer months, a pattern also observed with total call volume to PCs involving all exposures (5).

E-Cigarettes (Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems) Explained

(E-Cigarettes (Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems) Explained) "Electronic nicotine delivery devices such as electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are battery-powered devices that deliver nicotine, flavorings (e.g., fruit, mint, and chocolate), and other chemicals via an inhaled aerosol. E-cigarettes that are marketed without a therapeutic claim by the product manufacturer are currently not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (1).*"

Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS), or E-Cigarettes, Explained

Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) or E-Cigarettes

(Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS), or E-Cigarettes, Explained)
"3. ENDS, of which electronic cigarettes are the most common prototype, deliver an aerosol by heating a solution that users inhale. The main constituents of the solution by volume, in addition to nicotine when nicotine is present, are propylene glycol, with or without glycerol and flavouring agents.