International

International — Drug Control Policies Around The World

Prevalence of Mephedrone and Synthetic Cathinone Use in the EU

(Prevalence of Mephedrone and Synthetic Cathinone Use in the EU) "Synthetic cathinones, such as mephedrone and MPDV, have now carved a space in the illicit stimulants market in some countries. The limited information available suggests that prevalence levels remain low. Repeat surveys that include cathinones are only available for the United Kingdom (England and Wales). In the most recent survey (2012/13), last year use of mephedrone among adults aged 16 to 59 was estimated at 0.5 %, a decrease from 1.1 % in 2011/12 and 1.4 % in 2010/11.

Prevalence of Cannabis Use Among Young People in the European Union

(Prevalence of Cannabis Use Among Young People in the European Union) "The most prevalent illicit drug in all ESPAD countries is cannabis. On average, 16 % of the students have used cannabis at least once in their lifetime (Table 7a). The country with the highest prevalence of cannabis use was the Czech Republic (37 %). High prevalence rates (30% or more) were also reported in France, Liechtenstein and Monaco.

Drug Offenders In German Prisons, 2010

(Drug Offenders In German Prisons, 2010) "Because the percentage of addicts and consumers of illegal drugs in German penal institutions cannot be clearly quantified, the number of persons incarcerated as a result of violations of the Federal Narcotics Act (Betäubungsmittelgesetz) is frequently used. This estimate is relatively imprecise, however, because first of all it counts people who, although they have violated the law in connection with drugs, may not themselves have consumed any illicit substances, as could be the case, for example, with some dealers.

Legal Definition of Personal Use Amounts in German Law

(Legal Definition of Personal Use Amounts in German Law) "Most of the Laender have introduced comparable threshold values for 'small amounts' (upper/lower limit) of cannabis. The limits set by the individual Laender are guideline values from which public prosecutors and judges may diverge in individual cases. It is important to note that there exists, also in respect of these regulations, no legal claim whereby in the relevant cases the prosecution of the possession of small quantities of drugs shall be discontinued.

Germany's Integrative Approach to Addiction Policy

(Germany's Integrative Approach to Addiction Policy) "The Federal Government continues to follow an integrative approach in its addiction policy. Unlike in other European countries, legal and illegal addictive substances are addressed together. Particular consideration is given, due to their wide popularity, to the legal addictive substances alcohol, tobacco and psychotropic pharmaceuticals when further developing addiction prevention and the assistance system.

Estimates and Trends in Prevalence and Incidence of Problem Drug Use in Germany, 2011

Problem Drug Use and Its Correlates

(Estimates and Trends in Prevalence and Incidence of Problem Drug Use in Germany, 2011) "Calculations based on figures collected from treatment, police contacts and drug-related deaths lead to an estimated figure of problem heroin users ranging between 63,000 and 185,000 persons (with the estimates of the year 2010 serving as a calculation basis). This corresponds to a quota of 1.2 to 3.4 persons per 1,000 population in the age group of 15 to 64 year olds (Table 4.1).

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