HIV/AIDS

Data, statistics and information regarding HIV/AIDS related to injection drug use

Global Expenditures

(Global Expenditures) "Global expenditure on HIV/AIDS has increased substantially in the last decade, with total annual resources from all sources reaching over $11.3 billion in 2007 and $13.7 billion in 2008.37 Most of these resources are destined for low and middle income countries and include the expenditure allocated to HIV/AIDS prevention, care, treatment and support."

HIV Prevention, Treatment, and Care Services

(HIV Prevention, Treatment, and Care Services) "Despite the fact that injecting drug use has led to the widespread transmission of HIV worldwide, the provision of HIV prevention, treatment, and care services to IDU populations remains dismally low. In 2009, only 8 per cent of injecting drug users worldwide enjoyed access to HIV prevention services of any kind, while substitution therapy–i.e. offering users methadone instead of heroin–is permitted in only 70 countries. Needle and syringe exchange programmes are available in only 82 countries."

Recommendation of British Advisory Council on Misuse of Drugs

(Recommendation of British Advisory Council on Misuse of Drugs) "Recommendation 1. Local service planners need to review local needle and syringe services (and be supported in this work) in order to take steps to increase access and availability to sterile injecting equipment and to increase the proportion of injectors who receive 100 per cent coverage of sterile injecting equipment in relation to their injecting frequency."

HIV Transmission and Injection Drug Use in Russia

(HIV Transmission and Injection Drug Use in Russia) "In 2002, an estimated 93 percent of persons registered by the government as HIV positive since the beginning of the epidemic were injection drug users. In contrast, in 2002 an estimated 12 percent of new HIV transmission was sexual -- that figure climbed to 17.5 percent in the first half of 2003 -- indicating the foothold that the epidemic is gaining in the general population.

Russian Federation Policy Toward HIV and IDU

(Russian Federation Policy Toward HIV and IDU) "The Russian Federation is facing a deadly epidemic of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is driven in part by abuses of the human rights of those most at risk to get the disease and of the over 1 million Russians already living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The principal means of HIV transmission in Russia has been and remains injection drug use.

HIV Transmission and IDUs in Russia, 2006

(HIV Transmission and IDUs in Russia, 2006) "The epidemic disproportionately affects IDUs who comprise 87% of the cumulative number of registered HIV cases, however, with the epidemic becoming more mature, the infection tendency away from IDUs to heterosexual is also increasing with 68% of newly registered cases by the end of 2004 corresponding to IDU and 30% to heterosexuals (In the previous year heterosexual transmission accounted for 23.4% of new infections).

HIV Infections and IDU

(HIV Infections and IDU) "Eastern Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States, and significant parts of Asia are experiencing explosive growth in new HIV infections, driven largely by injecting drug use (UNAIDS, 2006). While the primary route of transmission in most of these areas is sharing of contaminated injecting equipment, sexual and perinatal transmission among IDUs [injecting drug users] and their partners also plays an important and growing role.

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