Number of people held in US State or Federal Prisons or in Local Jails, by Type of Facility, 2000 and 2007-2016

People held in custody in the US in State or Federal Prisons or in Local Jails, by Type of Facility, 2000 and 2007-2015
Year
2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total People in Custody 1,938,500 2,293,157 2,308,390 2,291,912 2,266,832 2,240,600 2,228,400 2,211,400 2,217,900 2,168,400 2,157,800
Federala
  Total 140,100 197,285 198,414 205,087 206,968 214,800 216,900 215,100 209,600 195,800 188,300
    Prisons 133,900 189,154 189,770 196,318 198,339 206,000 208,000 205,700 200,100 186,700 179,100
      Federal Facilities 124,500 165,975 165,252 171,000 173,138 176,200 176,500 173,800 169,500 160,700 154,200
      Privately Operated Facilities 9,400 23,179 24,518 25,318 25,201 29,800 31,500 31,900 30,500 26,000 24,900
    Community Corrections Centersb 6,100 8,131 8,644 8,769 8,629 8,800 8,900 9,300 9,500 9,200 9,200
State 1,177,200 1,315,291 1,324,420 1,319,391 1,310,800 1,290,200 1,267,000 1,265,200 1,264,800 1,244,400 1,228,800
  State Facilities 1,101,200 NA NA 1,224,145 1,216,700 1,197,800 1,170,200 1,173,000 1,173,100 1,153,100 1,134,700
  Privately Operated Facilities 76,100 NA NA 95,246 94,365 92,400 96,800 92,200 91,700 91,300 94,200
Local Jails 621,100 780,581 785,556 767,434 748,728 735,600 744,500 731,200 744,600 728,200 740,700
Incarceration Ratec 680 756 756 743 731 720 710 700 690 680 670
  Adult Incarceration Rated 920 NA NA 981 962 940 920 910 900 870 860


Note: Estimates may not be comparable to previously published BJS reports due to updated information. Counts were rounded to the nearest 100 and include estimates for nonresponding jurisdictions. See Methodology. Rates were rounded to the nearest 10. Detail may not to sum to total due to rounding. Prison counts are for December 31; jail counts are for the last weekday in June. Total includes all inmates held in local jails, state or federal prisons, or privately operated facilities. It does not include inmates held in U.S. territories (appendix table 4), military facilities (appendix table 4), U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement facilities, in jails in Indian country (appendix table 4), or juvenile facilities. See Methodology for sources of incarceration data and Terms and definitions for an explanation of the differences between the custody prison population reported in this table and the jurisdiction prison population reported in all other tables and figures.
a After 2001, responsibility for sentenced prisoners from the District of Columbia was transferred to the Federal Bureau of Prisons.
b Nonsecure, privately operated community corrections centers.
c Excludes prisoners held in local jails in Georgia for 2013 and 2014 to avoid double counting.
d The total number in the custody of local jails, state or federal prisons, or privately operated facilities per 100,000 U.S. residents of all ages.
e The total number in custody per 100,000 U.S. residents age 18 or older.
Sources: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Annual Survey of Jails, and National Prisoner Statistics program, 2000 and 2013–2014; and U.S. Census Bureau, postcensal estimated resident populations for January 1 of the following year, 2001, 2014, and 2015.

Source: 

Danielle Kaeble and Mary Cowhig, "Correctional Populations in the United States, 2016," (Washington, DC: US Dept. of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, April 2018), NCJ250374, p. 3.
https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm...
https://www.bjs.gov/content/pu...
Danielle Kaeble and Lauren Glaze, "Correctional Populations in the United States, 2015," (Washington, DC: US Dept. of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, December 2016), NCJ250374, Appendix Table 6, p. 19.
https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm...
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Danielle Kaeble, Lauren Glaze, Anastasios Tsoutis, and Todd Minton, "Correctional Populations in the United States, 2014," (Washington, DC: US Dept. of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, December 2015, Revised January 21, 2016), NCJ249513, Appendix Table 5, p. 22.
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Lauren E. Glaze and Danielle Kaeble, "Correctional Populations in the United States, 2013" (Washington, DC: US Dept. of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, December 2014), NCJ248479, Table 1, p. 2.
http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub...
Lauren E. Glaze and Danielle Kaeble, "Correctional Populations in the United States, 2013" (Washington, DC: US Dept. of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, December 2014), NCJ248479, Appendix Table 2, p. 12.
http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub...
Lauren E. Glaze and Erinn J. Herberman, PhD, "Correctional Populations in the United States, 2012" (Washington, DC: US Dept. of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, Dec. 2013), NCJ243936, Appendix Table 1, p. 10.
http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub...
Glaze, Lauren E., "Correctional Population in the United States, 2010," (Washington, DC: US Dept. of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, Dec. 2011), NCJ 236319, Table 1, p. 3 and Table 2, p. 7.
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Glaze, Lauren E., "Correctional Population in the United States, 2009," (Washington, DC: US Dept. of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, Dec. 2010), NCJ 231681, Table 1, p. 2 and Table 2, p. 7.
http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub...
Heather C. West and William J. Sabol, PhD, "Prisoners in 2007" (Washington, DC: US Dept. of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, Dec. 2008), NCJ224280, Table 8, p. 6.
http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub...