Injection Drug Use and HIV/AIDS

16. Global Estimated Prevalence of IDU-Related HIV, 2011

"Of the estimated 14.0 million (range: 11.2 million to 22.0 million) people who inject drugs worldwide, UNODC estimates that 1.6 million (range: 1.2 million to 3.9 million) are living with HIV. That represents a global prevalence of HIV of 11.5 per cent among people who inject drugs.15
"Along with the estimates of the total number of people who inject drugs, the global total and prevalence rates of people who inject drugs living with HIV for 2011 is also lower than the estimated 3 million (18.9 per cent prevalence among people who inject drugs) previously presented by the Reference Group to the United Nations on HIV and Injecting Drug Use for 2008. These reduced estimates are in large part a result of the availability of more reliable information on HIV prevalence among people who inject drugs."

UNODC, World Drug Report 2013 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.13.XI.6), p. 5.
https://www.unodc.org/unodc/se...

17. Trends in HIV Deaths in the US, by Transmission Method and Gender

"Sex and transmission category: From 2010 through 2014, the rates of deaths for male and female adults and adolescents decreased. The number of deaths among males with diagnosed HIV infection attributed to male-to-male sexual contact, to injection drug use, to male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use, or to heterosexual contact decreased. The number of deaths among females with infection attributed to injection drug use or to heterosexual contact decreased. The number of deaths among female adults and adolescents with infection attributed to perinatal transmission remained stable. Please use caution when interpreting trend data for children with infection attributed to perinatal transmission: the numbers are small."

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Surveillance Report, 2015; vol. 27, p. 7. Published November 2016. Last accessed March 3, 2017.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/library...
https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/li...

18. HIV Deaths in the US and 6 Dependent Territories in 2014, by Transmission Method, Race/Ethnicity, and Gender

The CDC estimates that of the 11,521 male adults or adolescents with a diagnosis of HIV in the US and 6 US dependent territories who died in 2014, in 6,195 cases the disease was reportedly transmitted through male-to-male sexual contact; 2,471 cases were reportedly transmitted through injection drug use; 1,221 cases were transmitted through male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use; 1,543 cases were reportedly transmitted through heterosexual contact; 31 cases were transmitted through perinatal exposure; and 60 cases were attributed to "other."

The CDC estimates that of the 4,069 female adults or adolescents with a diagnosis of HIV in the US and 6 dependent territories who died in 2014, in 1,426 cases the disease was reportedly transmitted through injection drug use; 2,582 cases were reportedly transmitted through heterosexual contact; 32 cases were transmitted through perinatal exposure; and 28 cases were attributed to "other."

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Surveillance Report, 2015; vol. 27, Table 14b, pp. 73-74. Published November 2016. Last accessed March 3, 2017.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/library...
https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/li...

19. HIV As A Leading Cause of Death, by Age

"Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease was not among the 15 leading causes of death in 2009. The age-adjusted death rate for HIV disease declined 9.1% from 2008 to 2009 (Table 16). Historically, HIV disease mortality reached its highest level in 1995 after a period of increase from 1987 through 1994. Subsequently, the rate for this disease decreased an average of 33.0% per year from 1995 through 1998, and 6.3% per year from 1999 through 2009 (23). For all races combined in the age group 15–24, HIV disease was the 12th leading cause of death in 2009—dropping from the 11th leading cause in 2008. HIV disease remained the 6th leading cause of death for the age group 25–44. Among decedents aged 45–64, HIV disease dropped from the 12th leading cause in 2008 to the 13th leading cause in 2009."

Kenneth D. Kochanek, M.A.; Jiaquan Xu, M.D.; Sherry L. Murphy, B.S.; Arialdi M. Minino, M.P.H.; and Hsiang-Ching Kung, Ph.D., "Deaths: Final Data for 2009," Division of Vital Statistics (Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control), Vol. 60, Number 3, Dec. 29, 2011, p. 9.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/n...

20. Survival Rates After HIV Diagnosis, by Transmission Method

"Survival was greatest among children regardless of transmission category, followed by adult and adolescent males with diagnosed HIV infection attributed to male-to-male sexual contact, adult and adolescent males with infection attributed to male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use, and adult and adolescent females with infection attributed to heterosexual contact. Survival was intermediate among adult and adolescent males with infection attributed to heterosexual contact. Survival was lowest among adult and adolescent males and females with infection attributed to injection drug use."

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Surveillance Report, 2011, "Rates of diagnoses of HIV infection among adults and adolescents, by area of residence, 2011—United States and 6 dependent areas"; Vol. 23, p. 9. Published February 2013. Accessed May 21, 2013.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/sta...

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