HIV and Injection Drug Use in Sweden
"Sexually transmitted infections, such as HIV, are not reported by full identity to the authorities in Sweden. This limits the possibility of following individuals over time and duplicates of notifications concerning the same individual may occur in the surveillance data.
"Fewer cases of HIV were reported among injecting drug users (IDU) in 2010-2011 compared to 2008-2009, with 22 cases in 2012. By the end of 2012, IDUs accounted for 5% of all people living with a known HIV infection in Sweden, equivalent to about 400 IDUs (or former IDUs). In May 2012, an outbreak of HIV was detected among IDUs in Kalmar comprising 5 cases. The new needle-syringe exchange programme in Kalmar can hopefully prevent new cases.
"Data from non-representative studies based on IDUs tested in remand prisons in Gothenburg and Stockholm in 2009 and 2010 shows an HIV prevalence of 5-9%. The needle-syringe exchange programmes in Skåne appear to have had a positive impact on preventing new HIV cases in the region. No new HIV cases were found among the participants in 2010-2011."
Swedish National Institute of Public Health. "2013 National Report (2012 data) to the EMCDDA by the Reitox National Focal Point: Sweden: New Developments, Trends and in-depth information on selected issues." Östersund: Swedish National Institute of Public Health, 2013, p. 60.