Annual Number of Deaths By Selected Causes in the US, including deaths attributed to Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Use
|Cause of death (Data from 2014 unless otherwise noted)||Number|
|Major Cardiovascular Diseases [MCD]||803,227|
|Cerebrovascular Diseases [subset of MCD]||133,103|
|Essential Hypertension and Hypertensive Renal Disease [subset of MCD]||30,221|
|Malignant Neoplasms [Cancer]||591,699|
|Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases||147,101|
|Accidents (Unintentional Injuries) [Total]||136,053|
|Motor Vehicle Accidents [subset of Total Accidents]||35,398|
|Influenza and Pneumonia||55,227|
|Nephritis, Nephrotic Syndrome and Nephrosis||48,146|
|Intentional Self-Harm (Suicide)||42,773|
|Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis||38,170|
|Alcoholic Liver Disease [subset of Chronic Liver Disease]||19,388|
|Injury by Firearms||33,599|
|Pneumonitis Due to Solids and Liquids||18,792|
|Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Disease||6,721|
|All Illicit Drugs Combined (2000)2||17,0002|
2014 Data Detailing Drug-Induced Deaths,
Breaking Out Specific Data for Prescription Analgesics and Heroin,
as Reported by the CDC4
|Drug Overdose Total||47,055|
|Pharmaceutical Opioid Analgesics||18,893|
2010 Drug Overdose Mortality Data In Detail,
Reported By Paulozzi et al.5
|Drug Overdose Total||38,329|
|Pharmaceutical Opioid Analgesics||16,651|
1 "Drug" includes both legal and illegal drugs.
2 Mokdad, Ali H., PhD, James S. Marks, MD, MPH, Donna F. Stroup, PhD, MSc, Julie L. Gerberding, MD, MPH, "Actual Causes of Death in the United States, 2000," Journal of the American Medical Association, (March 10, 2004), G225 Vol. 291, No. 10, 1242.
3 No recorded cases of overdose deaths from cannabis have been found in extensive literature reviews, see for example Gable, Robert S., "The Toxicity of Recreational Drugs," American Scientist (Research Triangle Park, NC: Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society, May-June 2006) Vol. 94, No. 3, p. 207.
4 CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality File, 2015, last accessed Dec. 11, 2015.
5 Paulozzi et al analyzed mortality figures and found that of 38,329 drug overdose deaths then reported in 2010, pharmaceutical drugs accounted for 22,134 deaths, of which 16,651 were opiod analgesic overdoses. The data were apparently revised slightly between the time the research letter was published in JAMA (February 2013) and release of the CDC's Deaths: Final Data for 2010 publication report, officially dated May 8, 2013.
Kochanek KD, Murphy SL, Xu JQ, Tejada-Vera B. Deaths: Final data for 2014. National vital statistics reports; vol 65 no 4. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2016, pp. 41-45, Table 10.
CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality File, 2015, last accessed Dec. 11, 2015.
Hedegaard H, Chen LH, Warner M. Drug poisoning deaths involving heroin: United States, 2000–2013. NCHS data brief, no 190. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015.
Chen LH, Hedegaard H, Warner M. Drug-poisoning deaths involving opioid analgesics: United States, 1999–2011. NCHS data brief no. 166.
Hyattsville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC; 2014, p. 1.
Christopher M. Jones, PharmD, Karin A. Mack, PhD, and Leonard J. Paulozzi, MD, "Pharmaceutical Overdose Deaths, United States, 2010," Journal of the American Medical Association, February 20, 2013, Vol 309, No. 7, p. 658.