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Prisons - Table - 1-30-12


Number of persons under control of the US corrections system for drug offenses
System 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 % Chg

1990-2009

                     
TOTAL - Drugs 964,469 -- 1,833,856 1,891,467 1,725,387 +78.9%
Probation -- 640,856 918,290 1,159,154 1,238,566 1,093,031 +70.6%
Parole -- 144,543 n/a 305,656 306,423 294,951 +104.1%
                     
Federal Prison 4,900 30,470 74,276 95,446 95,079 95,205 +212.5%
State prison 19,000 148,600 251,100 273,600 251,400 242,200 +63.0%
                     
% Share of Total Persons* -- 24.5% -- 35.8% 28.6% 26.4% --
 


• All of the above numbers represent estimates, not exact counts. The source reports from the Bureau of Justice Statistics for various years have been periodically revised. The methodologies used to collect these data may also be modified over time, rendering the percent change values approximations.

• † The conviction on a drug offense means that possession or sales of an illegal drug was the person's most serious offense, even if he or she were convicted of multiple offenses.

• This analysis omits counts for drug offenders in local jails, even though these facilities housed an estimated 767,434 inmates in 2009. The Bureau of Justice Statistics, from which the above numbers were drawn, consistently fails to report the offenses that predicate incarceration in these facilities.

• The above numbers concerning probation and parole have been computed from the percentages that describe the "characteristics of adults" on probation or parole.

• * "% Share of total persons" computes the percentage share of the sum of all probationers, parolees and state and federal prisoners represented by those whose most serious offense involved a drug conviction.

Source: 
Gilliard, Darrell K. and Beck, Allan J., "Prisoners in 1994," Bureau of Justice Statistics, (Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, August 1995), NCJ 151654, p. 11 & 10.
http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/p04.pdf
Guerino, Paul; Harrison, Paige M.; and Sabol, William J., "Prisoners in 2010," Bureau of Justice Statistics, (Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, December 2011), NCJ 236096, p. 28 & 30.
http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/p10.pdf
Glaze, Lauren E., and Bonczar, Thomas P., "Probation and Parole in the United States, 2010," Bureau of Justice Statistics, (Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, November 2011), NCJ 236019, pp. 33 & 43.
http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/ppus10.pdf
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Other reports from which the above data can be referenced:
Total Correctional Population: http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=11
State and Federal Prisoners: http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=13
State and Federal Prisoners, 1925-2001: http://www.census.gov/statab/hist/HS-24.pdf
Community Corrections (Probation and Parole): http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=15
Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics: http://www.albany.edu/sourcebook/tost_6.html